Rosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean & Asian region. Rosemary is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which includes many other herbs. The name “rosemary” derives from Latin ros marinus (“dew of the sea”). Rosemary has a fibrous root system. Rosemary is said to be used as a culinary condiment, to make bodily perfumes, and for its potential health benefits. Rosemary is used as a decorative plant in gardens where it may have pest control effects. The leaves are used to flavor various foods, such as stuffing and roast meats. Rosemary adds a delightful flavor to cuisine all across the world. The younger leaves are preferred for a sweeter flavor, standing up well to cooking, even at high temperatures. They have a bitter, astringent taste and a characteristic aroma which complements many cooked foods. Rosemary extract has been shown to improve the shelf life and heat stability of omega 3–rich oils which are prone to rancidity.
Rosemary contains a number of phytochemicals, including rosmarinic acid, camphor, caffeic acid, ursolic acid, betulinic acid, carnosic acid. Rosemary essential oil contains 10–20% camphor. Rosemary is also a good source of iron, calcium, and vitamin B-6. Possible health benefits include as antioxidants, helps to remove bad breath, improve concentration, good for eyes & hair health, and brain aging. Rosemary is typically prepared as a whole dried herb or a dried powdered extract, while teas and liquid extracts are made from fresh or dried leaves. Traditionally Rosemary is supposed to be helpful to alleviate muscle pain, improve memory & concentration, boost the immune and circulatory system, and promote hair growth. Rosemary powder is a rich source of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, which are thought to help boost the immune system and improve blood circulation. Esential oil manufactured from Rosemary leaves are aromatic used in herbal medicine, perfumary and baking industries. Rosemary also has been used extensively as a medicinal herb for its astringent, spasmolytic, antiinflammatory, expectorant, carminative, antirheumatic, analgesic, antimicrobial, and hypotensive properties. Rosemay extract helps in wellbeing of Liver and its functions.