Kalmegh extract Or Andrographis Paniculata is a very important medicinal plant of traditional medicine system. It is used in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathy to treat broad variety of diseases. It is found growing wild throughout the plains and hills of tropical India, from Uttar Pradesh to Kerala, and also in Bangladesh, Pakistan and all South East Asian countries. All part of plant is extremely bitter due to which plant is known as king of bitter. This plant is called Hempedu Bumi (meaning bile of earth) in Malaysia. In Ayurveda it is used in various ailments related vitiated Pitta/ Kapha in Liver, Skin, and Intestine. As per Ayurvedic principle excess Pittacause disturbance in liver enzymes, which leads to inflammation in cells & thus viral load increases in whole body. This raises body temperature & fever symptoms sets in, in such situation Kalmegh / Andrographis powder is useful.
It supports anti – viral &anti –bacterial action which helps in reducing fever and muscular & body pain.
Kalmegh is especially useful in treating liver related diseases. It exhibits hepato-protective and hepato-stimulative property. In traditional medicine system aqueous extract of Kalmegh is given for jaundice. Kalmegh/ Andrographisis bitter in taste which helps to digest the food & prevents formation of flatulency & toxic waste in the body. It activates detoxifying function of Liver & helps in cleansing Liver cells. Kalmegh has also shown blood cleansing & skin purifying properties. Kalmegh/ Andrographis powder when used with anti-oxidants like Amla helps to eliminate free harmful radicles and regenerate Liver cells.
Scientific Study of Kalmegh/ Andrographis has shown presence of Diterpenes (major component is Andrographolide) & flavonoids, which supports Anti-inflammation, analgesic & high blood glucose (postprandial) reducing properties. The study also proved anti-bacterial & anti-viral action of aqueous extract of kalmegh/ Andrographis.